Tips to Improve Eye Health and Prevent Eye Problems

Eye health is directly related to nutrient intake. At one time, it was thought that vision naturally deteriorated with age. Some visual changes are a natural part of the aging process.

For example, most people need bifocals for reading once they pass the age of forty because the crystalline lens becomes a little stiffer and the ability to compensate from distance vision to close is lessened. But even that problem may be postponed with good nutrition.

These 5 tips are all about eating right to protect your eyes and enjoy good vision throughout your life.

Avoid Simple Carbohydrates

Glycation plays a major role in degenerative eye diseases that are often termed “age-related”. Glycation is a process that is set into action when we eat simple processed carbohydrates. Simple carbs are digested too quickly, causing spikes in blood sugar and insulin levels.

Excessive glucose in the bloodstream can bind with protein molecules to form substances that cannot be used by the cells for energy. These substances are called Advanced Glycation End Products or AGEs. AGEs age the cells and can even cause cellular death.

In addition to avoiding simple carbohydrates such as sugar, white bread, white rice and others with a high glycemic index, look for a supplement containing carnosine. The nutrient helps to prevent glycation. Studies have shown that carnosine is beneficial for the prevention of cataracts and age-related vision loss.

Eat More Salmon

Wild-caught Pacific Salmon is the best choice because it is less likely to be contaminated with mercury and other impurities. Fatty fish like salmon provides a nutrient called DHA, an essential omega-3 fatty acid not present in other foodstuff.

DHA is essential for normal eye development and continued eye health. Increased intake of DHA may reduce the risk of macular degeneration and glaucoma, as well as prevent damage to the optic nerve.

Take a Fish Oil Supplement

Good fish oil supplements are rich in DHA and provide other beneficial nutrients. Plus you can take a fish oil supplement every day. You might get tired of eating salmon.

Eat Kale

One study conducted by an optometrist showed that eating a serving of kale every day reduced symptoms and improved vision in people suffering from age related macular degeneration, the most common cause of blindness in the elderly. Kale is a source of carotenoid antioxidants called lutein and zeaxanthin. Those antioxidants are abundant in the retina and macula at the back of the eye, especially in young healthy people.

Take a Mixed Carotenoid Supplement

Carotenoids include lutein, zeaxanthin and beta-carotene. A lack of beta-carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A, will lead to night blindness. Vitamin A deficiency is the most common cause of childhood blindness.

Bilberry extract is also rich in carotenoids and in bioflavonoids that help to improve blood supply to the eyes, which in turn helps to improve visual acuity, near-sightedness and night vision.

There are supplements specifically designed for eye health, but all of the nutrients mentioned here, except for fish oil, can be found in some of the better, totally balanced multi-nutritional supplements.